Digital Dimdima
Under One Flag
The Light Has Gone Out
India Wins Freedom
Apostle of Peace
The Last War of Independence
Quit India
Leave India to God… or to Anarchy
Gandhi and Ambedkar
A Pinch of Salt!
Saga of Indian Revolutionaries
Gandhiji Withdraws from Political Activities
The Himalayan Blunder
A People Reject Their Rulers
Jallianwala — The Aftermath
Massacre at Jallianwala Bagh
The Gentle Satyagrahi
Gandhi in Champaran
Carrot and Stick
Revolutionaries Outside India
Heroes and Martyrs
Gandhi in South Africa
From Swadeshi to Swaraj
Swadeshi Enterprise
The New Spirit of India
The Great Divide
Partition of Bengal
The Battle is Taken to the Legislature!
The Monk Who Shook The Nation
Father of Indian Unrest
An Old Man's Dream
Women : Crossing the Threshold
The Battle Lines are Drawn
The Battle For A Free Press
Pressing On !
Europeans Take To The Street!
The British Raj in Black and White
Mamool Raj
The One-Man Army
Hunger Deaths
The Delhi Durbar
Return to Swadeshi
Barbarous Britannia
‘Rani Ka Hookum’
Perishing in Peace
The Blue Mutiny
English Education
The Trial of the Last Emperor
Roll of Honour
The Empire Strikes Back
British Authority Collapses
Sepoys on the Move
Tribal Uprisings
The Empire Builders
For God and Country

Under One Flag

At the time of Independence, two-fifths of the Indian subcontinent was under the direct rule of rajas and nawabs. These rulers had acknowledged British paramountcy and had been given almost a free hand in ruling their states.
Out of the 562 princely states, only 14 were in or adjacent to Pakistan and the rest were all in India.
The people of the princely states had not remained unaffected by the freedom struggle in British India. They acknowledged the leadership of Gandhiji, Jawaharlal Nehru, Vallabhbhai Patel, Subhas Chandra Bose and others. They had organised anti-British demonstrations during the 'Quit India' movement. When the British left India it was clear that the people of the princely states wanted to become one with the people of the former British India, now a democracy.
While most of the princes were reconciled to losing their hereditary power, there were some who cherished ambitions of becoming monarchs of sovereign states. But Sardar Patel who was the Minister of Home had no intention of allowing any other sovereign state to emerge on the Indian sub-continent. Ably assisted by V.P. Menon he could persuade all the princes except three to sign the Instrument of Accession, allowing the Government of India to handle Defence, Foreign Affairs and Communications. This he achieved by August 14, 1947. Long drawn-out negotiations followed to bring about total integration of these states with India.
The Nawab of Junagadh wanted to join Pakistan but he did not have the support of his people. They rose in rebellion and the nawab fled. In a referendum held soon after, the people voted for accession of their state with India.
The Nizam of Hyderabad had no wish to sign the Instrument of Accession though his subjects were clearly in favour of joining India. He signed a stand-still agreement with the Government of India in November, 1947 which gave him a year's time to make up his mind. But when he showed no inclination to sign the Instrument of Accession and tried to gather international support for his stand on Hyderabad and let loose the Razakar goons on his people, Sardar Patel thought enough was enough and sent the army in.

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