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The Ziggurat of Ur

From where and when exactly they came remains a mystery but what is known is that the Sumerians built great cities and developed what is probably the earliest civilisation on Earth, in southern Mesopotamia (now part of Iraq). The Sumerians crowned their cities with huge stepped structures called Ziggurats.
The Ziggurats were built of mud bricks and topped by temples to gods and goddesses. The best preserved Ziggurat in Mesopotamia stands amidst the ruins of the once prosperous city of Ur. It was dedicated to the moon god, Nanna, patron deity of the city. The Sumerians believed that the god came down from the heavens and alighted in the temple at the top. The temple no longer exists and Nanna has long since forsaken the city. What remains of the Ziggurat rises 17 metres from a base measuring 60 by 45 metres.

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