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West Bengal

 

West Bengal

West Bengal Area: 88,752 sq km
Population : 8,02,21,171About 70% of the people live in villages.
Main Language: Bengali is the state’s main language. Other languages include Hindi, Santhali (a tribal dialect) and Nepali.
Capital : Kolkata, India's second largest city.

Location :
West Bengal stretches from the Himalayas to the Bay of Bengal. Its 1600-km long frontier with Bangladesh, neither natural nor well defined, has in recent years been a source of tension. It also has borders with Nepal and Bhutan.

Major Towns :
Asansol, Durgapur, Darjeeling and Kharagpur.

Physiography :
Its northern part comprises the sub-Himalayan region called the Terai, while the rest of the state forms part of the Indo-Gangetic plain. The course of the river Ganga, much of which lies now in Bangladesh, has for centuries been shifting eastward. Very little of its water now goes to the sea via its western distributaries, the principal one being the Hooghly that flows by Calcutta. The deep alluvial soil of the Gangetic plain in West Bengal is very suitable for agriculture.
The Terai region has some of the finest tea plantations in India. From the Terai, the Himalayan mountain ranges rise abruptly along the state's northern boundary. Mount Kanchenjunga overlooks Darjeeling in north-west Bengal.

Economy :
Agriculture dominates both the landscape and the economy. Rice, which requires extensive irrigation, is the leading crop in almost every district. Jute, the second leading crop, is especially prominent in the districts along the Bangladesh border and south of the Ganges.

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