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Punjab

Punjab The word "Punjab" is a compound of two words, panj ("five") and ab ("water"), signifying the land of five waters, or the rivers - Beas, Chenab, Jhelum, Ravi, and Sutlej. However, after India's partition in 1947, only the Sutlej and the Beas now lie within Punjab.

Area : 50,362 sq km.
Population: 2,02,81,969
Main Language : Punjabi, the principal spoken language is written in the Gurmukhi script.
Capital : Chandigarh is the joint capital of Punjab and Haryana.

Religion :
More than 60 per cent of the people follow Sikhism, which originated from the teachings of Nanak, the first Sikh Guru.

Location :
Located in India's northwest, Punjab is bounded on the north by Jammu and Kashmir, on the east by Himachal Pradesh, on the south by Haryana and Rajasthan, and on the west by Pakistan. It assumed its present shape on November 1st, 1966, when most of the predominantly Hindi-speaking areas were separated to form the state of Haryana.

Physiography :
Most of Punjab is a gently undulating plain. The Shiwalik Hills rise in the northeast. To its south, extend narrow foothills that end in the plains further below.

Economy :
Punjab has the highest per capita income in the nation. Punjab's economy is characterized by a productive, highly commercial agriculture and a diversity of small and medium-scale industries. With less than 2% of India's total area, Punjab produces more than 10% of India's food grain and more wheat than all other states combined.

Read more about Punjab   


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