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Arunachal Pradesh

Area : 83, 743 sq.km. The largest state in the north-east.
Population : 10,96,702. Tribals constitute seventy nine per cent of the population (Mongoloid and Tibeto-Burmese in origin).
Languages : Tribal dialects—Hill Miri, Monpa, Nishi, Sherdukpen, Mishmi, Apatani, Wancho, Dafla, Khamti.
Capital : Itanagar in the foothills of the Himalayas. It has been identified as Mayapur, the 14th century historic city of the Jitri dynasty.

Towns :
Bomdila at a height of 2,530 metres has apple orchards and Buddhist monasteries, the Gompas.
Dirang has apple orchards, sheep-breeding farms and the Kalachakra Gompa.
Tawang is a place of Buddhist pilgrimage and a trout-farming centre.

Geography :
Stretching from the snow-capped eastern Himalayas, at an altitude of 6,000 metres, to the plains of the Brahmaputra valley, Arunachal Pradesh lies at the country's north-eastern tip, surrounded by Bhutan, China and Burma. Assam lies to its south.

Rivers :
Kameng, Subansiri, Siang (later Brahmaputra in Assam), Lohit and Tirap.

Climate :
Varies according to altitude.
Upper regions : Winters are cold and humid. Summers are short.

Rainfall :
400 cm annually. Forests cover two-thirds of the state and are abundant in orchid species some of which are among the world's rarest.

LOOKING BACK :
IN 1826 the British annexed Assam and extended British influence into the northeast region of India. By 1912 the region now called Arunachal Pradesh was being administered from Assam.
In 1954 the area became known as the Northeast Frontier Agency.

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