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Gujarat

Gujarat Area : 196,024 sq.km.
Population : 5,05,96,992.
Language : Gujarati.
Capital : Gandhinagar, a planned administrative city on the banks of the Sabarmati.

Location :
West coast of India. It has a boundary with Pakistan in the northwest and is surrounded by the states of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. Gujarat gets its name from a tribe called Gujjars which settled in the area in the 1st century A.D.

It is a maritime state with the longest coastline in the country and 40 ports, of which Kandla, a natural well-protected harbour has a Free Trade Zone, the first in the country.

The largest salt works in Asia is located near Kandla. Alang, a town on the Gulf of Kambat has the world's largest ship-breaking yard.

Gujarat ranks first in the production of cotton, groundnut, salt and milk in India.

It ranks second in the production of tobacco and third in pharmaceuticals.

Gujarat also boasts the country's largest petro-chemical complex in the country.

Other Important cities :
Ahmedabad, built by Ahmed Shah in 1411, is a major industrial centre.
Surat, on the Tapti is the cleanest city in the country and an important commercial centre.
Porbander, the birthplace of Mahatma Gandhi lies along the coastal road to Somnath. It is famous for its limestone quarries.
Vadodara (Baroda), the former capital of the Gaekwars, has impressive palaces.

Gujarat has 4 national parks and 11 sanctuaries including the Gir Sanctuary, the last habitat of the Asiatic lion.

Gujarat gets its name from the people called Gurjars but nobody is sure about where the Gurjars came from.

Read more about Gujarat   


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