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Bihar

Bihar Area : 94,163 sq.km.
Population : 8,28,78,796. It is the second-most populous state after U.P.
Main Language : Hindi
Capital : Patna, founded by Sher Shah Suri. It stands on the site of the ancient capital, Pataliputra of the Mauryan empire.

Literacy rate :
Lowest in the country (38.48%)

Location :
Bihar is a land-locked state with Nepal in the north. West Bengal, U.P., Madhya Pradesh and Orissa are the states surrounding it. It is geographically divided into two strikingly different physical regions the northern fertile plains and the southern regions of Chota Nagpur plateau which is a succession of plateaus, hills and valleys.

Major Towns :
Nalanda : A Buddhist university flourished here making Nalanda a renowned centre of higher learning in Asia, for several centuries. Only the ruins of the university remain.
Bodh Gaya : The sacred Buddhist site where Buddha meditated under a pipal tree known as the Bodhi tree and attained enlightenment.
Pawapuri : Lord Mahavira attained salvation here. The Jalmandir is a major pilgrimage site for Jains.
Bokaro : The country's biggest steel mill is located here.
Jamshedpur : The steel city founded by Jamshedji Nasarwanji Tata.
Dhanbad : A mining town world famous for its rich coalfields at Jharia.
Ranchi : Once the summer capital of Bihar it is known for its scenic beauty and large industries.
Barauni : Famous for its large oil-refinery.

Major River :
Ganga. The Mahatma Gandhi Setu, one of the world's longest bridges spans the river.
Mineral Resources : Richest mineral output (40%) in the country.

Read more about Bihar   


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