Area : 2,75,068 sq.km. divided into 23 districts.
Population : 7,61,11,243
Languages : Telugu and Urdu.
Capital : Hyderabad
Twin city :
A former British cantonment, Secunderabad is separated from Hyderabad by the Hussain Sagar Lake.
Commercial Centre :
The 2000-year-old city, Vijayawada situated between the river Krishna and its tributary, Budameru. It is a major railway junction.
Lies on the high eastern Deccan Plateau which slopes towards the east coast where the state's major rivers, the Godavari and the Krishna, with its tributary Tungabhadra, make fertile deltas before joining the Bay of Bengal.
Hot and humid. On July 7, 1997, Visakhapatnam recorded a temperature of 39.600C, the highest in 100 years.
Major Port : Visakhapatnam, once a small fishing village named after Visakha, the god of valour, is the largest ship building centre in the country and the Eastern headquarters of the Indian Navy.
110-125 cm annually in the northern areas and 50 cm in the southern parts. Coastal areas are lashed by cyclones during the monsoons, which occur in winter.
At the time of Independence, Telugu-speaking people were distributed in about 21 districts in South India. Twelve of these districts formed part of the Madras Presidency and the other nine constituted the princely state of Hyderabad which was ruled by the Nizam.
The Nizam sought to become an independent ruler after the British had left India. But the tide of history was against him and after a brief 'police action' in 1949, Hyderabad became a part of the Indian Union.
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