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Assam

Assam Assam is the largest and most populated of the northeastern states. It derives its name from the Sanskrit word ‘asoma’ meaning ‘peerless’.

Area : Approximately 78,438 sq km
Population : 2,66,38,407. Assamese and tribals like the Garos, Nagas, Kukis, Khasis and Bodos.
Languages : Assamese, though Bengali is spoken in the Barak Valley.
Capital : Dispur
Location : South of Arunachal Pradesh. It has international boundaries with Bhutan and Bangladesh. It is geographically divided into two important physical regions : the Barak Valley and the Brahmaputra Valley.
Traditional Dress : Men: dhoti & kurta. Women: a mekhala (long skirt) with a riha and a dupatta.
Major Towns : Guwahati is famous for its Kamakhya (Kali) Temple and is a centre of Tantric cult and Shakti worship . The Guwahati Tea Auction Centre is the world’s biggest centre for CTC tea (Assam contributes 15.6% of the world’s tea production and 55% of the country’s output). Sualkachi is a famous silk centre (Assam is the world’s largest producer of the golden coloured muga silk); Jorhat, well known for its tea gardens, has the oldest extant oil rig; Sibsagar, the ancient capital of the Ahoms, a Buddhist Tai tribe who ruled from the 13th to the 17th centuries, is well known for its massive temples.
River : The 2900-km long Brahmaputra and its 120 tributaries.
Natural Resources : Oil (Assam is the first state in India where oil was struck : in 1889 at Digboi, where Asia’s first oil refinery was constructed), natural gas, coal, limestone, refractory clay and dolomite.

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