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Rajasthan

Rajasthan Rajasthan meaning “The Land of the Rajas”, was formerly called Rajputana, “The Country of the Rajputs”.
It was after 1947 that Rajasthan came into being with the integration of the princely states in stages and finally assumed its present form on November 1st, 1956, with the States’ Reorganization Act.

Area : 342.239 square kilometres
Population : 5,64,73,122. The people who have inhabited this region for long include the Minas, the Meos, the Banjara, who are travelling tradesmen and artisans; the Bhils, one of the oldest peoples in India, and the Rabans of Marwar who are cattle breeders. The Rajputs, famed in legend, represent only a small percentage of the population.
Main Language : The principal language spoken is Rajasthani.
Capital : Jaipur.

Location :
The state located in India’s northwest, is bounded on the west by Pakistan, on the north and the northeast by Punjab. Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh, on the east and southeast by Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, and on the southwest by Gujarat.

Physiography :
The Aravalli mountain range divides the state into two regions. To the northwest is the Thar desert; the southeastern part has hill ranges, fertile table lands and dense forests.

Economy :
Rajasthan is mainly an agricultural and pastoral state. Despite a low and erratic rainfall, wheat and barley are cultivated in large areas, as are pulses, sugarcane, and oilseeds. Cotton and tobacco are important cash crops. Rajasthan is also India’s largest wool-producing state.

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