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Archimedes

Fact File
Date of Birth-Death : 287 BC-212 BC
Country of Birth : Greece
Major Discoveries :
1)Discovered how to find the volume of a sphere and determined the exact value of Pi.
2)Principle of buoyancy
3)A formula to find the area under a curve

Archimedes was the original absent-minded professor, never able to remember whether he had eaten or not or whether he was going out or coming in. When he accidentally discovered the answer to the problem given to him by the king of Syracuse, he jumped out of the bathtub in which he was sitting at that time and ran all the way to the palace shouting; "Eureka, Eureka!" which in Greek means "I've got it, I've got it!" - not realising that he was completely naked. In 209 BC the Romans besieged Syracuse and came up against the genius of Archimedes. The scientist invented war machines that confounded and terrified the invaders and what should have been a fairly easy task took the Romans three years to accomplish. When the city finally fell, the Roman general Marcellus gave orders that Archimedes should be taken alive and treated with the utmost respect. A Roman soldier came upon the scientist bent over geometrical figures he had drawn in the sand. So absorbed was he in his thoughts he did not realise that an enemy soldier was standing there. Perhaps he did not even hear the soldier tell him to get up and follow him because when the man drew closer Archimedes without looking up said to him: "Don't disturb my circles, fellow." This so enraged the soldier he drew his sword and slew him. Archimedes ideas influenced western scholars for centuries after his death and he is regarded as one of the greatest scientists of ancient times.









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