1666 Mughal emperor Shah Jahan (b. 1592) died in the Agra Fort.
1760 In the Battle of Wandiwash, British troops decisively beat the French, confining them to Pondicherry.
1901 Queen Victoria (b. 1819), who reign was marked by a great expansion of the British Empire, died.
1905 Thousands of peaceful demonstrators were massacred by the Imperial Guard of Tsar Nicholas II at the Winter Palace in St Petersburg, Russia. The event known as Bloody Sunday triggered the 1905 revolution.
1939 The uranium atom was first split in Columbia University, USA.
1970 The Boeing 747, the world's first ‘jumbo jet’ was introduced on Pan Am's New York–London route.
1984 The iconic "1984" ad aired during the Super Bowl XVIII introduced the Apple Macintosh, the first personal computer to feature the computer mouse and graphical user interface.
1988 Brian Lara made his first-class cricket debut, for Trinidad and Tobago against Leeward Island of the West Indies.
2006 Evo Morales became the first indigenous American President of Bolivia.
2007 Indian spacecraft SRE 1 successfully re-entered Earth’s atmosphere after twelve days in orbit, making India one of the few nations to return a craft from orbit.
2008 Australian actor Heath Ledger (b. 1979), known for his award winning roles in Brokeback Mountain, and The Dark Knight, died in New York City at the age of 28.