1520 Ferdinand Magellan discovered the Strait of Magellan.
1805 British Admiral Nelson (b. 1758) died from a wound received during the Battle of Trafalgar.
1833 Alfred Nobel, Swedish inventor of the dynamite and the man behind the Nobel Prizes, was born.
1923 The world's first planetarium opened at the Deutsches Museum, Munich, Germany.
1943 Subhas Chandra Bose proclaimed the formation of the Provisional Government of Free India.
1944 A Japanese plane carrying a 200 kg bomb attacked HMAS Australia off Leyte Island in the Philippines, launching World War IIís first kamikaze attack.
2008 An old trade route was opened between Pakistan-administered Kashmir and Jammu and Kashmir after 60 years.
2010 Astronomers announced the discovery of the galaxy UDFy-38135539, the most distant object observed from earth.
2012 Yash Chopra, Dadasaheb Phalke Award winner and one of India's most influential filmmakers, died from dengue fever in Mumbai. He directed popular Bollywood movies like Deewar, Silsila, Chandni and Dil To Pagal Hai.