1631 Shah Jahan’s beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal, died after delivering her fourteenth child.
1823 Charles Macintosh patented the water-proof cloth used in raincoats which were called 'macintoshes'.
1858 Rani Lakshmi Bai, the braveheart queen of Jhansi, died of her injuries while fighting the British during the First War of Independence.
1942 Sir Paul McCartney, one of the most successful composers and recording artists of all time and member of the legendary rock band The Beatles, was born in Liverpool, England.
1950 The first kidney transplant in the world was performed by Dr.R.H.Lawler in Chicago on a female patient.
1953 The Egyptian Revolution of 1952 ended with the abolition of its monarchy and the declaration of the Republic of Egypt.
1970 The polaroid camera was patented by Edwin Land.
1972 Five men were arrested for breaking into the Watergate building, which housed the headquarters of the Democratic Party in Washington. The subsequent investigation unearthed a political scandal and led to President Richard Nixon’s resignation.
1973 Indian tennis champion Leander Paes was born in Goa.
1989 The centenary of the Eiffel Tower was celebrated in Paris.
1994 American footballer, O.J. Simpson, was arrested for the murders of his wife and her friend following a highly publicized televised low-speed highway car chase.
2009 Prime Minister Manmohan Singh met with Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari in Russia for the first time since the 2008 Mumbai terror attacks.