1509 Henry VIII, the charismatic King of England known for his six marriages and his role in the Church of England breaking from Rome, ascended the throne of England.
1521 Babar defeated Ibrahim Lodi in the first Battle of Panipat.
1910 Samuel Langhorne Clemens (b. 1835), an American humorist better known by his pen name Mark Twain, died. He was best known for writing The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and its sequel, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
1913 The Hindustan Ghaddar Party was started by Indian revolutionaries in Oregon, USA.
1918 Ace German fighter pilot, Von Richthofen or the Red Baron who was greatly feared by the Allies, was shot down during the second Battle of Somme.
1960 Brasilia was inaugurated as the new capital of Brazil.
2002 Moderate Kashmiri separatist leader, lawyer and politician Abdul Ghani Lone was assassinated.
2006 Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom celebrated her 80th birthday.
2009 UNESCO launched the World Digital Library to promote international and intercultural understanding by expanding cultural content on the Internet.