Digital Dimdima
Under One Flag
The Light Has Gone Out
India Wins Freedom
Apostle of Peace
The Last War of Independence
Quit India
Leave India to God… or to Anarchy
Gandhi and Ambedkar
A Pinch of Salt!
Saga of Indian Revolutionaries
Bardoli
Gandhiji Withdraws from Political Activities
The Himalayan Blunder
A People Reject Their Rulers
Jallianwala — The Aftermath
Massacre at Jallianwala Bagh
The Gentle Satyagrahi
Gandhi in Champaran
Carrot and Stick
Revolutionaries Outside India
Heroes and Martyrs
Gandhi in South Africa
From Swadeshi to Swaraj
Swadeshi Enterprise
The New Spirit of India
The Great Divide
Partition of Bengal
The Battle is Taken to the Legislature!
The Monk Who Shook The Nation
Father of Indian Unrest
An Old Man's Dream
Women : Crossing the Threshold
The Battle Lines are Drawn
The Battle For A Free Press
Pressing On !
Europeans Take To The Street!
The British Raj in Black and White
Mamool Raj
The One-Man Army
Hunger Deaths
The Delhi Durbar
Return to Swadeshi
Barbarous Britannia
‘Rani Ka Hookum’
Perishing in Peace
The Blue Mutiny
English Education
The Trial of the Last Emperor
Roll of Honour
The Empire Strikes Back
British Authority Collapses
Sepoys on the Move
Tribal Uprisings
The Empire Builders
For God and Country

The army met with hardly any resistance and was welcomed with open arms by the populace.
The ruler of Kashmir was Hindu and the majority of the population was Muslim but the state remained unaffected by the communal tension in the rest of the sub-continent. While Maharaja Hari Singh was pondering over the choices before him, raiders from across the Pakistan border intruded into Kashmir. The ruler asked India for military help but India sent its army only after the maharaja had signed the Instrument of Accession.
The Indian army halted the advance of the raiders. However, the territory already occupied by the raiders with Pakistan's connivance, still remains in Pakistani hands.
The Constituent Assembly headed by Dr. Rajendra Prasad and with Dr. B.R. Ambedkar as Chairman of the Drafting Committee, drew up a constitution for free India. It was under this constitution that India became a sovereign democratic Republic on 26th January 1950 (26th January had been called Independence Day from 1930 after Jawaharlal Nehru had declared Purna Swaraj as the goal of the people of India in 1929). Under the Constitution, Dr. Rajendra Prasad was sworn in as the first president of the Republic of India.
Sadly, even by 1950, there were parts of India that were still under European rule. Chandranagore, Yanam, Karaikal, Pondicherry and Mahe were under French occupation. Goa, Daman, Dadra Nagar Haveli and Diu were ruled by the Portuguese.
The French handed over their Indian territories to India in 1954. The Portuguese however, stubbornly refused to quit Goa despite opposition to their rule by Goan nationalists like Purshottam Kakodkar, Tristao da Braganza Cunha, Mohan Ranade and Telo Mascarenhas. They were finally ousted in December 1961 when the Indian army moved simultaneously into the three territories. There were about 3000 Portuguese soldiers in Goa at that time and the Portuguese Governor-General, realising that resistance was futile ordered his men to lay down their arms.
The Portuguese were the first to come and the last to go. However, the India which the Portuguese vacated in 1961 was vastly different from the India Vasco da Gama had set foot on in 1498. Then, a conglomeration of princely states, it was now one large united country — the largest democracy in the world.

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