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Under One Flag
The Light Has Gone Out
India Wins Freedom
Apostle of Peace
The Last War of Independence
Quit India
Leave India to God… or to Anarchy
Gandhi and Ambedkar
A Pinch of Salt!
Saga of Indian Revolutionaries
Bardoli
Gandhiji Withdraws from Political Activities
The Himalayan Blunder
A People Reject Their Rulers
Jallianwala — The Aftermath
Massacre at Jallianwala Bagh
The Gentle Satyagrahi
Gandhi in Champaran
Carrot and Stick
Revolutionaries Outside India
Heroes and Martyrs
Gandhi in South Africa
From Swadeshi to Swaraj
Swadeshi Enterprise
The New Spirit of India
The Great Divide
Partition of Bengal
The Battle is Taken to the Legislature!
The Monk Who Shook The Nation
Father of Indian Unrest
An Old Man's Dream
Women : Crossing the Threshold
The Battle Lines are Drawn
The Battle For A Free Press
Pressing On !
Europeans Take To The Street!
The British Raj in Black and White
Mamool Raj
The One-Man Army
Hunger Deaths
The Delhi Durbar
Return to Swadeshi
Barbarous Britannia
‘Rani Ka Hookum’
Perishing in Peace
The Blue Mutiny
English Education
The Trial of the Last Emperor
Roll of Honour
The Empire Strikes Back
British Authority Collapses
Sepoys on the Move
Tribal Uprisings
The Empire Builders
For God and Country

Blood Thirst

When the sepoys rose in revolt in Meerut, they had but one thought in mind — to slaughter all the feringhees and this they did, sparing neither young nor old; male or female. These atrocities were repeated in Delhi, Jhansi, Kanpur and other places.
The British hit back with a vengeance. General Neill, in his March from Calcutta to Varanasi instructed his men to destroy all places en route. "On they marched for three days," writes Kaye," leaving everywhere behind them as they went, traces of retributory power of the English in desolated villages and corpses dangling from the branches of trees." In Allahabad, "for three months eight dead–carts daily went their rounds from sunrise to sunset to take down the corpses which hung at the crossroads and market places." 
Reporting on the atrocities committed in Delhi, the Bombay correspondent of the Times, London, wrote: "No such scene has been witnessed in the city of Shah Jahan since the day that Nadir Shah…directed the massacre of its inhabitants." Kaye agrees: "Many who had never struck a blow against us … were pierced by our bayonets…"
"The system of burning villages," writes Holms, "was in many instances fearfully abused. Old men who had done us no harm and helpless women, with sucking infants at their breasts, felt the weight of our vengeance, no less than the vilest malefactors; and as they wandered from their blazing huts they must have cursed us as bitterly as we cursed the murderers of Kanpur."
The atrocities seen in 1857, writes R.C. Majumdar, "prove, if proof were needed, that the much-vaunted culture of the progressive world is only skin-deep, — whether the skin is black or white, belongs to the spiritual east or materialistic west, to the civilized Europe or backward Asia... Mankind would do well to ponder over this __ that only a very thin line demarcates the human being from an animal."

Id Mubarak

The battle for Delhi had reached a crucial stage in August 1847. Id was around the corner and among those looking forward eagerly to the festival were the British! A British officer Keith Young wrote to his wife:
"Some of the Mahomedan fanatics, we are told, have declared their fixed intention of killing cows... on that day... It is hoped that they will religiously adhere to their determination and there is then sure to be a row between the Mahomedans and Hindoos."
On the day of the Id, Emperor Bahadur Shah sacrificed a sheep at the Idgah. The morning was spent in prayer. The emperor held a ceremonial durbar at which he received presents and distributed robes of honour.
Keith Young wrote to his wife next day: "Our hopes of a grand row in the city yesterday at the Id festival have not... been fulfilled... The king had issued strict orders against the killing of cows... in the city... and this... must have satisfied the Hindoos; and instead of fighting among themselves they all joined together to make a vigorous attack to destroy us and utterly sweep us from the face of the earth."

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