The Bactrian camel is a native of central Asia, and gets its name from Bactria, present-day Turkestan.
It is distinguished from its more famous cousin, the Arabian camel by its two humps. Its fur too is thicker and longer. Its stout legs are shorter than that of the Arabian camel, and terminate in shorter and harder feet better adapted to the dry, hilly regions in which it lives. The Bactrian camel is a sturdy animal capable of carrying a load of 250 kg at the rate of 4 kmph for several days.
There are significant DNA differences between domesticated Bactrian camels and wild Bactrian camels. Some say they might be two different species.
Once large herds of wild Bactrian camels roamed central Asia. They were hunted for their meat and hide.