Born on 6 April, 1956 at Rajapur in Maharashtra, India.
Vengsarkar made his test debut against New Zealand at Auckland in the first test of the 1975-76 series. By the time he played his last test against Australia at Perth in 1991-92, 15 years later, he had played 116 tests scoring 6868 runs at an average of 42.13 and scored 17 hundreds with a highest of 166. A useful close-in fielder, he held 78 catches. Vengsarkar also played 129 one-day internationals scoring 3508 runs at an average of 34.73.
He was nominated one of the five ‘Wisden Cricketers of the Year’ in 1987 and was awarded the Padmashree the same year.
A right-handed batsman of the highest class, he first made his presence felt in Indian cricket when he scored a breezy hundred against a Rest of India squad boasting of bowlers like Prasanna and Bedi, in a Irani Cup tie at Nagpur. He was rated as the best batsman in the game by a computer in the ‘eighties. He occupied India's No 3 batting position for many years and from that important position guided the fortunes of the country's batting for more than a decade. He is the only batsman to have scored consecutive test centuries at Lord’s in three successive appearances. A front foot player who favoured the drive, though he could also pull and hook with aplomb, Vengsarkar could murder pace as well as spin when he was in his element. He scored a thousand runs in a calendar year in 1979. His essay as a captain of the Indian team in the Caribbean Isles in 1989 created controversies, and subsequently led to his retirement from top class cricket in 1992.
He is the present Vice President of the Mumbai Cricket Association and is given the important job of developing junior level cricket in the country by the Board of Control for Cricket in India.